Rare Earths project- Update

Downloadable PDF of this RNS

 RNS Number : 8682B

Galileo Resources PLC


Dissemination of a Regulatory Announcement that contains inside information according to REGULATION (EU) No 596/2014 (MAR).


12 June 2019

Galileo Resources Plc

(“Galileo” or “the Company”)

Rare Earths project – Possibilities For Re-Activation


Galileo  draws its shareholders’ attention to the recent trade dispute between US and China, and the latter’s  top economic planning body reportedly  1 studying proposals to establish export controls on  rare earths (RE)  to US, if the dispute between the two nations deepens.  China supplies about 80% of US rare earths 2 and accounts for more than 70% of  global output of RE.1  

A US strategic minerals report released in December 2017 reportedly 1 stated “If  China  were to stop  exports of critical minerals, including RE, for a prolonged longed period , similar to the China’s  RE embargo 2010, an extended supply disruption could cause significant shocks throughout the U.S. and foreign crucial mineral supply chains”.  

The Company’s shareholders are reminded that it holds a 34% interest  in the Glenover Rare Earth- Phosphate project (the Project”).

Two advanced exploitation options for the  Project have been studied, 1) preliminary economic assessment (“PEA”) of primary RE production with phosphate as a by-product 3 and,  2)  primary phosphate (P2O5) production   ,for which a  proposed preliminary offtake agreement for the phosphate is in place 5,  and recovery of RE from the P2O5   production tailings    

The Board therefore considers that the project is well placed to benefit from potential upturn in the RE market and/or from third party major developers and they will be assessing the possibility of reactivating the project. 


Project Fundamentals as previously announced (note that should the Project proceed then these will need to be reconsidered and revised as appropriate)

·    Project Current Resource Estimate 6



SAMREC Code Resource category



Attributable  b to Galileo 

Tonnes Million

Total RE Oxide




Stockpiles a

Inferred a





In Situ o/pit

Indicated a













Rare Earth  Development Option  3


·            PEA (2015) net Present Value (“NPV”) of US$ 512 million using a rare earth oxide (REO) basket price c of US$60.79 per kg d (of 99% REO )and a discount rate of 8%. 


·            Internal Rate of Return (“IRR”) of 34.5 % for the Project


·            REO production of 167,100 t (tonnes) in mixed high-grade REO chemical product  over 24-year life of mine (LOM) on current resource estimate


·            Ore production rate from 2.7 Mt stockpiles at 400,000 t per year 1 to 7


·            Open pit mine ore production from 7.1 Mt at 400,000t per year from year 8


·            Initial capital investment US$233M, including a contingency of US$34M but excluding

·         $57M for working and deferred capital 


Phosphate Development Option 4


·            Major phosphate producer (MPP) undertakes expenditure of upwards of US300,000 pursuant  to a proposed off-take agreement (“Agreement”)  on a pilot plant phosphate flotation study to produce  phosphate concentrate  for testing by MPP . Work continues by the MPP under this Agreement


·            Extensive related testworks have taken place and negotiations to formalise the  Agreement accepted by Galileo  are on-going  pending final phase pilot studies 5


·            The ultimate objective of this Option  would be  either to develop the Project or sell the Project in whole or part to MPP


·            Grant of a  Mining Right  for Phosphate production  is pending a  decision  from the Department of Mineral Resources; such process remains ongoing  


·            Rare-earths from the tailings of any future phosphate processing of the ore by MPP, would be available for further beneficiation and or recovery.     


Whilst the US has  RE mine reserves, 93 times the nation’s output last year 2,  80% of US demand for REs is for the so called lighter lanthanum and cerium REs  , both of which are oversupplied around the world. However, export restrictions , which could cover relatively higher priced  and less abundant light REs (Neodymium, Praseodymium)  and heavy RE dysprosium, all  widely used in permanent magnets in motors in industries from automobiles, to consumer goods (and wind turbines)  would  be a “devastating” blow to the US economy 1.  These less abundant and higher priced REs form nearly 30% of the suite of REs in the Project’s deposit 8 .

Colin Bird, CEO of Galileo said,  “In  2011,  the west were much concerned with China’s dominance  of rare earth (RE) market against an increasing western requirement for REs including in military use.  This concern  prompted several western governments to take initiatives including the USA having a special senate committee and other steps to develop western RE production  capability.  This  alternative source requirement did not dissipate but was overtaken by subsequent relative geo- political calm thereby negatively impacting on the RE price. This calm has now evaporated and the spectre again of a RE deficit, particularly, the heavy REs , is again emerging . The Glenover project , which has a good proportion  of heavy REs,  has had an independent preliminary economic assessment produced,  which showed  robust figures and  good material processing characteristics. Galileo now intends with its project partner FerMinOre, to reappraise the market with the anticipation of improved RE prices, to restore value that temporarily left the project.”    



1 Bloomberg News June 5 2019

2 US Geological Survey

3 Galileo RNS announcement 7 March 2013

4 Galileo RNS announcement 12 June 2017

5 Galileo RNS 12 February 2018

6 Galileo RNS 30 May 2013

7 www.cnbc.com/markets/  3 June  2019

8 GBM Preliminary Economic Assessment – Executive Summary – 0468-RPT-027 Rev 1




a    inferred resource      The SAMREC CODE defines an Inferred Mineral Resource as ” that part of a Mineral Resource for which volume or tonnage, grade and mineral content can be estimated with only a low level of confidence. It is inferred from geological evidence and sampling and assumed but not verified geologically or through analysis of grade continuity. It is based on information gathered through appropriate techniques from locations such as outcrops, trenches, pits, workings and drill holes that may be limited in scope or of uncertain quality and reliability. The stockpiles, which are inferred mineral resources, require rigorous SAMREC compliant sampling applied to them in order for them to be categorized as mineral reserves


indicated  resource  The SAMREC  CODE defines an Indicated Mineral Resource’ as ” that part of a Mineral Resource for which tonnage, densities, shape, physical characteristics, grade and mineral content can be estimated with a reasonable level of confidence. It is based on information from exploration, sampling and testing of material gathered from locations such as outcrops, trenches, pits, workings and drill holes. The locations are too widely or inappropriately spaced to confirm geological or grade continuity but are spaced closely enough for continuity to be assumed.


 b   4.24% attributable to Galileo after earn-in of the agreed 51%, with the balance of 5.76% attributable to Black Economic Empowerment shareholders


c     The REO basket price is calculated as the weighted average of the individual REO prices based on estimated future (2015) prices at the relative proportions in which the REOs occur within the Glenover project deposit. No value was assigned for oxides of the five rare earth elements: Holmium, Erbium, Terbium, Ytterbium and Lutetium; these REOs have limited niche applications and would not form part of a standard off-take agreement.  Based on preliminary assessment of market conditions, and a process of benchmarking other similar projects producing similar high-grade mixed REO product, a discount factor of 35 % has been applied to the basket price used in this PEA. This factor reflects the effective loss in value, to off-takers, of generally around 35% of the contained mixed REOs in further refining of the mixed product to produce oxides of the individual rare earth elements.


d    estimated weighted average of individual REO prices 2019 without discount $30/kg  

(prices  https://mineralprices.com/rare-earth-metals/



You can also follow Galileo on Twitter: @GalileoResource


A copy of the announcement is available on the Company’s website www.galileoresources.com


Technical Sign-Off

Andrew Sarosi, Technical Director of Galileo, who holds a B.Sc. Metallurgy and M.Sc. Engineering, University of Witwatersrand and is a member of The Institute of Materials, Minerals and Mining, is a ‘qualified person’ as defined under the AIM Rules for Companies and a competent person under the reporting standards. The technical parts of this announcement have been prepared under Andrew Sarosi’s supervision and he has approved the release of this announcement.


For further information, please contact: Galileo Resources PLC


Colin Bird, Chairman

Andrew Sarosi, Executive Director

Tel +44 (0) 20 7581 4477

Tel +44 (0) 1752 221937

Beaumont Cornish Limited – Nomad

Roland Cornish/James Biddle

Tel +44 (0) 20 7628 3396

Novum Securities Limited – Joint Broker

Colin Rowbury /Jon Belliss

+44 (0) 20 7399 9400

Shard Capital Partners LLP – Joint Broker

Damon Heath

Tel +44 (0) 20 7186 9952


Technical Glossary

Phosphate (P2O5):                an oxide of phosphorus


Rare earths (RE):                   a set of fifteen chemical elements in the periodic table specifically

                                                the lanthanides (plus yttrium ad hoc and scandium) and by convention categorised as light REE (the first seven elements plus yttrium) and heavy REE (the other eight lanthanides)


REO (rare earth oxide):      the oxide form of the rare earth elements 

TREO:                                     total rare earth oxides

The major rare earth elements in the Glenover deposit are:

Ce: Cerium                            Uses include cathode ray tube glass to prevent age discoloration, in auto catalytic converters, rich red colour pigments, low energy light bulbs, film studio carbon-arc lighting and minor use in self cleaning ovens


Eu:  Europium                       Uses include bright red coloration in television tubes; industrial street lighting to give a more natural light, thin film superconductor alloys and in lasers


Gd: Gadolinium                    Uses include neutron capture capability and in compounds as a contrasting agent in radiography and magnetic resonance imaging in medical diagnostics


La: Lanthanum                      Uses include carbon-arc lighting, additive to glass for lenses and new treatment for bone disease (osteodysrophy).  Potential use for hydrogen (H) storage for H-fuelled vehicles: being able to absorb hydrogen as much as 400 times its volume  


Nd: Neodymium                   Uses include alloyed with iron and boron to make one the most powerul permanent magnets known (see also Samarium below) and found in modern vehicles using motorised devices; in welders protective glasses and power lasers  


Pr: Praseodymium               Uses include as an additive to give glass a pure yellow colour and brilliant pastel greens and yellows for glazes


Sm: Samarium                       Uses include alloyed with cobalt to produce permanent magnets ten thousand times more powerful than iron and has the highest resistance to demagnetization; in masers (microwave lasers) capable of cutting steel and bouncing off the surface of the moon


Y: Yttrium                               Uses include lasers, as host for europium in TV red phosphor, alloyed with boron and cobalt high temperature superconductors and microwave filters


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