Half-year Report

RNS Number : 1089Y
Galileo Resources PLC
28 December 2023

Galileo Resources PLC
(“Galileo” or “the Company” or “the Group”) 

Unaudited interim results for the six months ended 30 September 2023

Galileo (AIM: GLR), the exploration and development mining company, announces its unaudited interim results for the six-month period ended 30 September 2023. A copy of the interim results is available on the Company’s website, www.galileoresources.com.

Operational Highlights


Luansobe Copper Project

The Company holds a 75% interest in the Luansobe project.

The Luansobe area is situated some 15km to the northwest of Mufulira Mine in the Zambian Copperbelt which produced well over 9Mt of copper metal during its operation. It forms part of the north-western limb of the northwest – southeast trending Mufulira syncline and is essentially a strike continuation of Mufulira, with copper mineralisation hosted in the same stratigraphic horizons. At the Luansobe prospect mineralisation occurs in at least two horizons, dipping at 20-30 degrees to the northeast, over a strike length of about 3km and to a vertical depth of at least 1,250m.

Period Under Review

On the 9th of February 2023 the Company announced a new Inferred Mineral Resource for the project estimated by external consultants Addison Mining Services and inclusive of:

– Approximately 5.8 million tonnes gross at 1% total Cu above a cut-off grade of 0.25% total Cu for 56,000 tonnes of contained Cu, potentially amenable to open pit mining.

– Approximately 6.3 million tonnes gross at 1.5% total Cu above a cut-off grade of 1% total Cu for 97,000 tonnes of contained Cu, potentially amenable to underground mining.

Since then, work has continued towards development of a potential open pit mine plan and associated works.

Shinganda Copper-Gold Project

On the 27 June 2023 the Company exercised its option to enter a joint venture and acquire an initial 51% interest in the Shinganda Copper-Gold project, Zambia, following the expenditure of over US$500,000  in direct exploration costs.

The project area covers part of a major 10km structural trend with two previously developed small-scale open pit copper-gold mines. Very limited historic drilling on the property is reported to have intersected 1.07% Cu over a true width of 28.3m at shallow depth within supergene copper oxides. Drilling on the structure within the Shinganda property further to the west by Vale S.A. recorded a 2m interval @ 3.93% Cu, 1.72g/t Au.

Period Under Review

A licence-wide review and re-interpretation of previously available geophysical data, combined with the company’s own geophysical surveys, soil sampling and prospecting unlocked a new structural framework for the licence and delineated new targets for immediate follow-up drill testing, a number of which are prospective for deposits of copper and gold mineralisation associated with Iron Oxide Copper Gold (IOCG) deposits.

Conclusions of the study included;

–     Three large clusters of intense iron alteration towards the West, identified in the high-resolution aeromagnetics, where historical drilling returned hematite, magnetite and lesser pyrite mineralisation that was not assayed. The clusters also host several coincident historical IP-chargeability anomalies, which have been insufficiently drill-tested.

–     Identification of a high-order splay fault at the Shinganda Copper-Gold prospect in the aeromagnetic data that is the probable primary control of the copper-gold mineralisation

–     Co-incident copper-in-soil anomalies with >285ppm Cu occurring both along the Shinganda Splay Fault and at Iron Alteration Cluster A, which are prospective for IOCG mineralisation.

–     Limited historical drilling and sampling at Shinganda returned best intercepts of up to 50.3m @ 1.54% Cu from 21m downhole depth in drill hole SHDD002, and a peak of 33.90g/t Au was returned from a composite grab sample in an exploration pit.

Post Period Under Review

A follow-up drill programme with up to 2,000m of planned drilling commenced in late 2023 to test multiple shallow copper-gold targets along, and parallel to, the Shinganda Splay Fault and to test the IOCG deposit potential related to the iron alteration clusters and IP targets highlighted by the geophysical study.

As announced on the 7 November 2023 seven holes had so far been completed for a total of 890m of drilling, including positive intersections received in the most recent drill hole SHDD017. The drill hole, SHDD017, which is located less than 1km along strike from the Shinganda copper-gold prospect drilled in the previous reporting period, intersected an extensive interval of alteration and brecciation with associated copper mineralisation over a 264.5m interval from a downhole depth of 65.5m within the Shinganda Splay Fault system. Mineralisation generally occurs as clusters and disseminations associated with brecciation and quartz-carbonate veining and has been confirmed by pXRF analysis, with follow-up laboratory assay results awaited.

Several follow-up holes are planned through the wide mineralised zone, as well as further drilling to test the iron alteration clusters and IP targets highlighted by a previous geophysical study.

Anomalous copper has been detected via pXRF analysis in shallow oxide mineralisation intersected in a number of shallow holes designed to test outcropping supergene gossan occurrences. Split core samples have been submitted for multi-element laboratory analysis, including copper and gold.


Period under review

A new small-scale exploration licence was issued on 23 February 2022 covering the core of the Kashitu project area. The licence will run for four years from the issue date.

The Company has held meetings with the majority of interested and affected parties associated with the deposit including small-scale and artisanal miners, nearby residents, and potential providers of third-party processing capacity specifically to find the most appropriate way to develop the resource and more specifically mine and process the balance of the open pittable high-grade willemite. The Company recognises that wholesale removal of access to parts of the Kashitu licence for small-scale and artisanal miners could have a profound impact on livelihoods hence the proposal to enter into an arrangement that benefits all parties. Navigating the expectations of the various parties is challenging and the Company’s representatives will continue to build a business plan. Once priority locations have been identified, further shallow drilling on a close-spaced grid for grade control purposes will take place.

NW Zambia Joint Venture

On 05 September 2023 the Company announced that it had entered into a joint venture agreement with Cooperlemon Consultancy Limited in relation to the exploration for copper at large scale exploration license 28001-HQ-LEL in Northwest Zambia.

The exploration licence covering 52,000 hectares runs along the Angolan-Zambian border and is closely associated with the perceived Western Foreland geological district boundary that potentially hosts Kamoa – Kakula deposits in Northwest Zambia. Historically there has been limited exploration over the licence area and initial work by Galileo has focused on interpretation of available data including information generated by other explorers and available in the public domain. Licence acquisition coincided with the start of the Rain Season and as a result, mobilisation on the ground and detailed fieldwork will commence once the weather improves and easy access is possible.

Under the joint venture agreement (“JV Agreement”), Galileo agreed the following key terms:

Earn-in and Phase 1 exploration budget: Galileo will earn a 65% interest in the joint venture by:

i)          An immediate cash payment of US$230,000 to Cooperlemon;

ii)         Funding exploration expenditure over an initial eighteen-month period (“Phase 1”) on the Licence of not less than US$750,000. Exploration is expected to commence in September / October 2023, and will comprise both physical activity within the Licence boundaries (including but not limited to mapping, soil geochemistry, geophysics and drilling), and desktop studies, laboratory analysis and interpretation of data and results. Galileo anticipates funding this exploration expenditure from existing resources; and

iii)        For the issue of 2,500,000 Galileo Resources plc shares (the “Consideration Shares”) at a price of 1.175 pence per share being the closing Galileo share price on 4 September 2023 (totalling £29,375). The Consideration Shares are subject to a three month lock up arrangement and thereafter a further three months orderly market arrangement. Under the orderly market arrangement, the Consideration Shares can be sold via the Company’s broker at a price determined by the vendor (the “Nominated Sale Price”)  which shall not be less than the lower of i) the 10 day VWAP and ii) the closing bid price on the day before the fixing of the Nominated Sale Price and the Company’s broker will have 10 business days to sell the shares at the Nominated Sale Price.

If the Phase 1 exploration results are successful and prove the continuity of mineralisation at grades suggesting the potential for the future development of a Mineral Resource of not less than 500,000 tonnes of contained copper, consistent with economic recovery at the depth of discovery with a minimum internal rate of return of not less than 25% and a payback period not exceeding 42 months (including the recovery of capital expenditure), then there will be a second two year exploration period (“Phase 2”).



Galileo announced an agreement entered into on 04 March 2022 which assigned to Galileo an option granted under an agreement dated 21 January 2022 between BC Ventures and Cordoba Investments Limited to acquire a 51% interest in BC Ventures. BC Ventures is the owner of a highly prospective lithium project in western Zimbabwe (the Kamativi Lithium Project) and two gold licences (the Bulawayo Gold Project) close to Bulawayo through its wholly owned Zimbabwe subsidiary Sinamatella Investments (Private) Limited. Under the terms of the agreement the Company committed to spend US$1.5 million on exploration expenditure by 21 January 2024.

On 10 August 2022, the Company further announced an agreement to acquire a further 29% shareholding in the Sinamatella projects and an extension on the commitment to spend US$1.5 million on exploration expenditure by 6 months to 21 July 2024. Post the financial period under review the Company announced that all conditions had been met in relation to the agreement to acquire a 29% shareholding in BC Ventures Limited (the “Share Acquisition”) accordingly, the Company issued 50,000,000 Galileo ordinary shares at a price of 1.2 pence per share being the consideration shares due in relation to the Share Acquisition. As a result, Galileo now has an interest of 29% in BC Ventures alongside an option to acquire a further 51% interest through the Company spending $1.5million on exploration and evaluation of the Projects by 21 July 2024.

Zimbabwe is recognised as one of the most potentially prospective countries in Africa for pegmatite-hosted lithium. Among other explorers, Prospect Resources Ltd (ASX: PSC) estimates that its Arcadia open pit lithium deposit, hosted within a stacked series of pegmatite dykes, contains JORC- compliant proven and probable ore reserves of 37.4Mt, grading at 1.22% Li2O. China’s Zhejiang Huayou Cobalt previously agreed a deal to purchase 100% of the Arcadia hard-rock lithium project for US$422m. Zimbabwe has also long been a significant gold producer, primarily from Greenstone Belt quartz ‘reef’ deposits that are host to many small to mid-size quartz reef gold mines and deposits.

Kamativi Lithium Project

The Kamativi Lithium Project comprises EPO 1782, covering 520km2, and lies on the Kamativi Belt directly adjacent to, and along strike from the historic Kamativi tin- tantalum mine which operated from 1936 to 1994. The Kamativi Mine produced 37,000 tonnes of tin and 3,000 tonnes of tantalum ore from pegmatites, and in 2018 Chimata Gold Corp (Zimbabwe Lithium Company) announced a new JORC (2012) compliant Indicated Mineral Resource of 26Mt @ 0.58% Li2O within the Kamativi mine tailings, confirming that the mine contained significant quantities of lithium. The mine has recently been brought back into production for hardrock lithium by its current Chinese owners.

The Sinamatella licence area encloses extensions and splays of the Kamativi Tin Mine host unit, including mapped pegmatites, and it has been reported that there are old tin-fluorite workings within the Sinamatella property. The licence area also contains a large extent of the pre-Cambrian Malaputese Formation which is considered to be strongly prospective for VMS hosted copper, surrounding the old Gwaii River Copper Mine and including numerous other copper prospects and occurrences.

Little exploration has been carried out on the licence area in the past 25+ years, however there is very good historical data available to advance exploration for lithium prospects.

Period Under Review

On 15 June 2023 the company announced that a contract had been signed with a drilling contractor in order to commence drill testing of a substantial lithium-in-soil anomaly on the Kamativi licence EPO 1782 adjoining the historic Kamativi tin-tantalum mine (in which Galileo does not have an interest) which contains a significant lithium tailings resource.

The Kamativi soil anomaly peaks at over 1,000ppm Li and extends over a strike length of almost 3km, comparable to the footprint of the Arcadia Lithium Project near Harare, considered to be one of the world’s largest hard rock lithium resources. A swarm of coincident pegmatite dykes was mapped within the soil anomaly area covering about 1km x 0.5km which was targeted by the Company in the first phase of drilling, with approximately 1,000m of drilling planned in at least 10 holes.

Phase One drilling advanced promptly at Kamativi during the reporting period and on the 10 August 2023 the company reported the return of strongly encouraging assay results from the first hole drilled. The drill hole, KSDD001, returned peak values of 4m @1% Li2O from 35m downhole depth, including an intercept of 1m at 2.04% Li2O within an 18m wide pegmatite.

Analysis of newly received soil sampling data revealed an extension to the original anomaly over considerable distance, and with the addition of detailed mapping, a much larger target area than previously realised was delineated which allowed for the extension of the drilling programme.

Post Period Under Review

The Company reported the completion of Phase One drilling at Kamativi for lithium and associated elements on the 17 October 2023, with a total of 1,428.4m drilled in ten drill holes.

Initial results from the remainder of the Phase One drilling programme were promising, with mineralisation and alteration similar to that reported in the first drill hole, KSDD001 observed in several subsequent holes. Core logging and sampling was underway, preparing samples for export to ALS Laboratory in Johannesburg for lithium and associated element analysis.

Mineralogical examination of samples from KSDD001 carried out at the University of Zimbabwe has identified prospective spodumene mineralisation in thin sections – further samples will be subjected to full XRD mineralogical examination in South Africa.

The Company is also testing the southern part of the licence for VMS-type copper mineralisation.

A site visit by external recognised lithium exploration experts resulted in a recommendation for a greater emphasis on detailed geological mapping with follow up trenching over prospective targets and significantly more emphasis on petrological studies to identify specific lithium-bearing minerals. This work has continued and successfully highlighted new areas of interest. To date only a small portion of the licence has been covered by detailed geological mapping offering further potential for additional discoveries.

Bulawayo Gold-Nickel-Copper Project

The Bulawayo Project comprises EPO 1783 and EPO 1784, covering a large 1,300km2 licence area near Bulawayo with extensive Greenstone Belt rock formations in Zimbabwe. No systematic exploration has been carried out in the area for more than 25 years due to the previously unfavourable investment climate in Zimbabwe. Prospective areas with thin sand/alluvial/Karoo basalt cover have never been explored and preliminary grab sampling on the property reported assays ranging from 3.9-16g/t Au, confirming the prospectivity of the ground.

The aim is to explore for resources to support the development of a large scale mine. The licences adjoin and enclose a number of small-scale gold mines on pre-existing mining permits which provides the opportunity to integrate the production from these operations which have a total historic production reported as more than 1Moz Au.

Period Under Review

Work during the period focussed on defining drill ready targets at the Queen’s Mine Area prospective for gold mineralisation associated with greenstone belt terranes. Follow-up soil sampling of a number of geophysical targets delineated by Galileo’s previously reported ground geophysical (magnetic and resistivity) surveys have defined a number of new targets marginal to the Queen’s Gold Mine area (not part of Galileo’s licence area), where historical gold production >44,000 ounces was reported up to 1984, when reliable record keeping ceased.

The results include definition of a number of new targets adjacent to and along-strike from the Queen’s Mine area, the majority of the new discoveries are under shallow alluvial and Karoo sandstone cover, made visible by the previous airborne magnetic survey flown by Galileo in June 2022.

A total of 2,455 soil samples were sent for laboratory analysis, with results peaking at 2.1g/t Au. An anomalous 5km2 area with gold-in-soil values up to 680ppb Au has been highlighted over a number of structures delineated by the aeromagnetic survey to the southeast of the Queen’s Mine area, with further anomalous zones indicated along-strike from the Queen’s Mine area mineralisation within consistent and prospective greenstone lithology.

New targets represent extensions of known gold-bearing structures that typically host both commercial and small-scale gold mining operations in the Queen’s Mine region, and pXRF analyses indicate coincident anomalies of associated elements. Zimbabwean gold mineralisation is typically associated with narrow high-grade structures that can be mined from underground. The Company is targeting areas where the confluence of structures and other factors potentially create a much larger bulk target for follow up.



Kalahari Copperbelt

Galileo’s exploration project currently encompasses a total of 19 exploration licences, 8 of which were included in the final sale agreement completed in September 2021 with Sandfire Resources, which was required to spend US$4 million on the licences in the first two years of the agreement. The remaining KCB licences were retained 100% by Galileo.

Kalahari Copper Belt (Retained Licences)


The Licence is located in the north-western portion of the Kalahari Copper Belt with part of the Licence sandwiched between Cobre Limited (“Cobre”) exploration licences. Cobre has recently issued a series of press releases that demonstrate the emergence of a potential new discovery in this under-explored portion of the Belt. In this area the D’Kar/Ngwako Pan contact is interpreted to be tightly folded and thrust repeated.


The north-eastern section of the licence is dominated by a prominent NNW-SSE trending conductor, the geometry of which suggests this area is situated at the southwest end of a conductive dome. If the interpretation is correct, the potential exists for the discovery of the highly prospective D’Kar Formation/Ngwako Pan Formation contact. The setting of a conductive dome with major faulting within the licence suggests that a A4/T3 style dome drill target with possible mineralisation at the stratigraphic boundary between the Ngwako Pan/D’Kar and remobilized upwards via low-angle thrusts is the most likely exploration model for this area.


The interpreted strike length of the prospective D’Kar formation contact extends over 30km within this licence. Historic wide-spaced drilling reportedly intersected D’Kar/Ngwako Pan contact but did not intercept mineralisation. Historic soil sampling identified the D’Kar Formation/Ngwako Pan Formation contact further to the southwest of the licence. The Company has selected priority zones for soil sampling along the interpreted 30km strike of the contact with a view to identifying potential higher-grade zones along strike of and in between the current widely spaced drill holes.

Period under review

Exploration has continued apace on the Kalahari Copperbelt licences sold to Sandfire Resources in 2021, and those retained by Galileo. The Kalahari Copperbelt region is currently receiving global attention with new mine development and a rapid advance of exploration work from new entrants and previous players providing new thinking on the controls of mineralisation.

Sandfire Licences

Considerable work has been completed by Sandfire Resources in the region within the period to date, a summary of which includes:

PL250/2020 – approximately 7.24km of prospective Lower D’Kar contact has been identified warranting a TerraleachTM* soil geochemical survey. Area will also be covered by regional airborne gravity survey (‘AGG’)

PL367/2018 – Four multi-element soil anomalies identified as priority targets with infill TerraleachTM* soil surveys planned.

PL251/2020 – Scheduled TerraleachTM* soil survey over an area described by Sandfire as a T3/A4-type target. AGG survey also to be flown.

PL366/2018 – Soil anomaly identified warranting additional soil geochemistry in conjunction with Sandfire’s announced AGG regional survey.

PL044/2018 & PL045/2018 – Airborne magnetic and radiometric geophysics and follow up drilling confirmed the presence of magnetite and disseminated copper-zinc mineralisation in intermediate to acid volcanic rocks – follow up under review.

PL122/2020 & PL154/2020 – Considered low order priorities with no additional work planned in the short to medium-term subject to results of the pending AGG survey.

Galileo (Retained) Licences

An Airborne Gravity Gradient (AGG) survey jointly commissioned by Cobre Limited and Sandfire Resources was undertaken during the reporting period to include part of Galileo’s licence PL253/2018, with results of the survey to be released to Galileo, free of charge, later in the year. The results of the survey are expected to provide valuable information on basin architecture and identify the potential location of copper-silver bearing trap-sites analogous to Sandfire’s neighbouring T3 and A4 deposits.

A low detection mobile metal-ion (TerraleachTM*) soil sampling programme was commenced by the Company in the reporting period, with more than 3,000 samples planned ranging over critical contact zones in three of the retained licences, PLs 253, 39 and 40.  Sampling was planned to include ground adjacent to the licence hosting Cobre’s recent drill discoveries at Ngami and Kitlanya, where similar soil programmes led to drill target identification. Galileo will utilise the soil geochemical results, in conjunction with the results of the AGG survey, to develop new targets for drilling.

Post Period Under Review

On the 11 October 2023 it was announced that the soil sampling survey had completed, with a total of 3,373 (excluding QAQC inserts) samples collected over critical contact zones across the retained licences. The samples are now being processed via a sample preparation laboratory in South Africa for dispatch to Intertek laboratory in Perth for analysis.



Ferber gold-copper project

Period Under Review

An earlier Galileo project review identified several drill targets at Ferber to test both skarn-type gold-copper occurrences and Carlin-type gold occurrences on the 100% held property. Due to strong demand for drill machines in Nevada, it proved difficult to find a contractor to undertake diamond core drilling at Ferber in 2022. However, the Company has proceeded with an application for an environmental permit for the planned programme and has engaged Rangefront Mining Services, based in Elko, Nevada, to assist in seeking quotes from drilling contractors for Reverse Circulation (RC) drilling with the aim of completing the planned programme during 2024.



Glenover Phosphate Project (” Glenover”)

Period Under Review

On the 21 June 2023 Galileo announced progress in relation to JSE Listed Afrimat Limited’s option to buy for ZAR300 million (approx. £12.8 million) shares in and shareholder loans made to Glenover Phosphate Proprietary Limited, in which Galileo has a 30.8% direct and 4.99% indirect investment held via Galagen Proprietary Limited.

An addendum to the conditional sale agreement was signed by the parties on the 21 June 2023 giving rise to Afrimat’s Option (the “Addendum”) that removed the requirement for the previous suspensive conditions to be met before the first two tranches of consideration are paid and set a revised timetable for the receipt of funds, as well as amending the second tranche to be paid in cash.

Revised timetable detailed as follows:

First tranche payment of ZAR150 million (approx. £6.4 million) in respect of Sales Claims was settled in July 2023, by the issue of Afrimat shares calculated on a 30-day volume weighted average price (“VWAP”) on the payment date. Galileo’s portion was ZAR52.6 million (approx. £2.1 million).

30 April 2024: Second tranche payment of ZAR147 million (approx. £6.3 million) in respect of Sales Claims to be settled in cash. Galileo’s estimated portion will be approximately ZAR49 million (approx. £2.1 million).

30 April 2024: Cash consideration of ZAR3 million (approx. £0.13 million) in respect of the Glenover shares subject to the fulfilment of the suspensive conditions (Note 1). Galileo’s estimated portion will be approximately ZAR1 million (approx. £0.04 million).

Note 1: The suspensive conditions applicable to the sale of Glenover shares are:

i) the Approval in terms of section 11 of the Mineral and Petroleum Resources Development Act No. 28 of 2002 (“MPRDA”); and

ii) the completion of the 30 June 2023 audited financial statements and collation of all company documentation on or before 30 April 2024.


Financial Highlights

The Group reported loss of £521,764 (2022: loss of £1,554,313) after taxation. Loss reported is 0.05 pence (2022: loss of 0.13 pence) per share. Loss per share is based on a weighted average number of ordinary shares in issue of 1,160,943,355 (2022: 1,115,819,649).

For further information, please contact:

Colin Bird, Chairman and CEO   Tel +44 (0) 20 7581 4477
Edward Slowey, Executive Director



Tel +353 (1) 601 4466



Beaumont Cornish Limited

Nominated Advisor

Roland Cornish/James Biddle


Novum Securities Limited – Broker

Colin Rowbury/ Jon Belliss




Tel +44 (0)20 7628 3396



Tel +44 (0)20 7382 8416


Statement of Responsibility for the six months ended 30 September 2023

The directors are responsible for preparing the consolidated interim financial statements for the six months ended 30 September 2023 and they acknowledge, to the best of their knowledge and belief, that:

·   the consolidated interim financial statements for the six months ended 30 September 2023 have been prepared in accordance with UK adopted IAS 34 – Interim Financial Reporting;

·   based on the information and explanations given by management, the system of internal control provides reasonable assurance that the financial records may be relied on for the preparation of the consolidated interim financial statements. However, any system of internal financial control can provide only reasonable, and not absolute, assurance against material misstatement or loss;

·   the going concern basis has been adopted in preparing the consolidated interim financial statements and the directors of Galileo have no reason to believe that the Group will not be a going concern in the foreseeable future, based on forecasts and available cash resources;

·   these consolidated interim financial statements support the viability of the Company; and

·   having reviewed the Group’s financial position at the balance sheet date and for the period ending on the anniversary of the date of approval of these financial statements they are satisfied that the Group has, or has access to, adequate resources to continue in operational existence for the foreseeable future.


Colin Bird       

Chairman and Chief Executive Officer

28 December 2023


The full Galileo Resources PLC unaudited interim results for the six months ended 30 September 2023 are available in our financial section.